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Author Topic: Everything you ever wanted to know about ABC but were afraid to ask  (Read 9096 times)

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Offline simon

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This is going to be the main sticky topic for information about ABC. It's work in progress, so for the moment, if you're looking for information about this section, have a look here:
http://www.fiddleforum.com/fiddleforum/index.php?topic=2892.0

The only new posts to go in here for now are: Heidi's guides to Concertina and JC's, and Steve_W's advanced ABC user guide.

I'm trying to keep this tidy, so any other posts will be deleted. If you have other suggestions for posts that could go here please discuss them HERE.

Thanks.

simon
« Last Edit: Feb 13, 2006, 04:18:25 PM by simon »

Offline concertA

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How to use Concertina


ABC is a simple text-based format for notating music.  The "code" can converted to standard sheet music using a downloadable program or an online converter.  This basic step-by-step tutorial will use the online site Concertina.  We will be cutting and pasting a well-known tune into the online converter to show you how easy ABC is to use!

1.  Highlight and copy the following tune written in ABC format.
  
X: 1
T:Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star
M:4/4
L:1/4
Q:1/4=100
K:D
|"D"D D A A|"G"B B "D"A2|"G"G G "D"F F|"A"E/2E/2E/2E/2 "D"D2|A A "G"G F|"D"F F "A"E2|"D"A A "G"G G|"D"F F "A"E2|

2.  Click on the link for Concertina.

3.  Paste the ABC tune into the box on the Concertina web site.

4.  Press "submit."

5.  The tune will now be displayed on the screen in standard notation.  There are now three options on the page:  midi music file, pdf sheet music and abc source.  Click the midi music file if you want to hear the tune, pdf sheet music if you want to print (or you can just print the webpage as well, but you will get all the text, banner, etc....) or abc source for the ABC notation.

For other tunes in ABC format, see ABC resources on this board.  

Some ABC files won't display using Concertina. There are a few troubleshooting options you can try, but, as you get more comfortable with the format, you may want to consider one of the free downloadable programs which can also be found in the ABC resources thread.

*Troubleshooting: 

Try it again.  Re-paste the ABC file into the field and re-submit. 

Make sure you have the X: 1 header.  If it's not there you can type it into the field in Concertina.

If there is a blank space between the header information and the ABC notation, delete it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to post a question in this board.  There are many helpful people here who would be more than happy to help!!

 ;D
concertA  aka: Heidi

stone

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Hmm, I must confess I don't understand a thing in this thread.  Is it possible for us to bookmark this thread within FF?  I think I need "more" time in order to best utilize the music knowledge here.  ;D

Offline fiddle4

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This tune has been posted by me before,,
But I've gave it a tidy up.
This post is aimed mostly at awildman2384 +
simon..The first for his very great help before.
And simon because I only have to go up the
road(BELFAST) and he can write it on a beer mat
what he needs to explain..The reason for this 'tune'
is I lernt it from an old guy in larne,,and i have
never heard it sence,either a player or raido etc..
I would like to learn ABC right,+ this sounds
something like he played it all those years ago.
If it is wrote down wrong could some one please
help me correct it,,      ''THANKS''
JIM/
FIDDLE4
X:1
T:The Kontakie
R:March/Fling.
N: GOT THIS TUNE OFF- LARNE FIDDLER JOHNNY MILLS,
N:HE GOT IT FROM RADIO SCOTLAND-SAID IT MIGHT BE SHETLAND = JIM McAULEY.
M:4/4
L:1/8
Q:1/4=165
K:D
DE-|~^F2-E ^F~G2 |^FG~A2.^f2ed|B.dzG2-BAB| A^F E4 z  |
DE-|~^F2-E ^F~G2 |^FG~A2.^f2ed|B.dzG2-BAB| A^F D4 z :|
^fg|~a3.^fd2.^fz |e^f ed ^cBA2|d^cde^f2d2|e^fed^cB A2|
   |~a3.^fd2.^fz |e^f ed ^cBA2|~G3B ABA^F|  D4 ^fg   |
   |~a3.^fd2.^fz |e^f ed ^cBA2|d^cde^f2d2|e^fed ^cBA2|
   |~^F2-E ^F~G2 |^FG~A2.^f2ed|B.dzG2-BAB| A^F D4 z  ||

Offline Tize

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Jim, you don't need all the F and C sharps in there if you have Dmaj in the key signature - that covers the sharps. Also if you're in 4/4 and you have a crotchet across beats (e.g. in the third bar, the crotchet goes from the fourth to fifth quaver) you should technically write it as two tied quavers.

I can't quite get the tune into my head to figure out where the beats should be there, I think I might have what you mean in from second bar of each phrase onwards, but I can't get that first bit sorted. At the moment you only have 3 crotchets instead of 4 in the first and fifth bars, and the eighth bar of the B part, and seven quavers in the fourth and eighth bars. In these cases then you can only have a single anacrusis (pick up note) before the next bars, instead of the double ones that you have (DE- and fg).

I've only just had a brief look there, I'm sure Simon can do a better job. Would you be able to post up a recording of the tune? Any one of a number of us then would be able to help you ABC it then.

Offline fiddle4

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Thanks for all this imfo- TIZE. I'll read it again +
again,,I'am just an ear player really.I am starting
to work on how to send it sound files = me playing
or trying,,,BUT I Think this we tunes time,  is
something like this one..fiddle4 - Thanks again....
X:1
T:Kirk’s Hornpipe
R:REEL
M:C
L:1/8
K:D
AG|FGAF D2 d2|cdec A2 f2|gfed B2ed|c2 A2 A2 AG|
  |FGAF D2 d2|cdec A2 f2|Gfed Bdce|d2 d2 d2- :|
fg|afdf a2 a2|gece g2 g2|fedc d2ed|c2 A2 A2 fg|
  |afdf a2 a2|gece g2 g2|fedc Bdce|d2 d2 d2- :||

Offline fiddle4

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Just a wee point on the title of this tune.
I only spelt it the way he said it to me
years ago- IN A LARNE ACCENT..
 ''YUH KNOOW WAT A MEEN HIGH BOY''
So its maybe somewhere in scotland
spelt - The Contaghie - Or something like
that. And thats the end of that useless
imformation..
jim//fiddle4..

Offline awildman2384

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I spent a little time on the first one last night.  Can't seem to figure out the time signature.  I've got it narrowed down to 2/4, 3/4, or 6/8.  I'm about in the same boat as Tize.  Pretty much stuck until I get a recording. 

Jim, the single easiest way to get a recording to us to record it, save it as MP3, and then email to one or all of us.  Or else save the file on a website somewhere and let us know the location.

Offline fiddle4

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These wee tunes are played mostly by the
scots maybe english border areas..
They are mostly in 2/4 or 4/4 wrote down.
Although the scots men call them reels-
even if they are in 2/4 time...
jim/fiddle4
4-other examples  below..
X:1
T:The Piper's Cave
R:REEL
M:4/4
L:1/4
K:A
|| AE A>B | cf f2 | ec c/B/A/B/ | cB B2 |
 | AE A>B | cf f2 | ec   Bc/B/  |  A3-  |
 | a>g fe | fg a2 | ec c/B/A/B/ | cB B2 |
 | a>g fe | fg a2 | ec   Bc/B/  |  A3-  ||
X:1
T:Back O' Bennache
R:REEL
M:2/4
L:1/8
K:D
 || ec B2 | Bc Bc | ef ^g2 |^g2^g2 | fe ^g2 |
  |^g2^g2 | fe f2 | f^g fe | ce B2 | Bc Bc  |
  | ef^g2 |^g2^g2 | fe  b2 | B2 B2 | c^d e2 |
  | z2 ec | B2 Bc | Bc  ef |^g2^g2 |^g2  fe |
  |^g2^g2 |^g2 fe | f2 f^g | fe ce | B2  Bc |
  | Bc ef |^g2^g2 |^g2 fe  | b2 B2 | B2 c^d | e4 |
c2| B2^G2 |^G2 B2 | A2 F2  | F2 A2 | ^G2 E2 |
  |^G2 B2 | e2^de | fe^dc  | B2^G2 | ^G2 B2 |
  | A2 F2 | F2 A2 |^G2 E2  |^G2 B2 |   e4   ||
X:1
T:Babes in the Woods
R:REEL
M:2/4
L:1/8
K:D
||A2BA F2A2|d2 e2 f4|g4 f2 e2|d2 f2 A4|
 |A2BA F2A2|d2 e2 f4|g4 f2 e2|d4- d4-:|
 |e4 e2 d2 |c2 e2 a4|e4 e2 f2|g2e2c2A2|
 |e4 e2 d2 |c2 e2 a4|g4 f2 e2|d4  d4-:|
    And an English one..
X:3
T:26-Winster Gallop
R:Reel
O:England
M:4/4
K:G
||G2BB G2B2 | G2B2 d4  | A2Bc B2A2 | G2B2 d4 |
 |c2e2 g2e2 | d2B2 d4  | A3c  B2A2 | G4  G4-:|
 |g2f2 e2d2 | g2f2 e2d2| g2ff e2d2 | c2B2 A4 |
 |f2e2 d4-  | f2e2 d4  |  d4  A3-c | B2A2 G4:||




 



 




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